Causes of Bumps on Tongue and How to Get Rid of Swollen Painful Tongue Fast Overnight

What are the causes of bumps on tongue? Get more insights on what causes bumps to form on the tongue. In the article there are also pictures to elaborate further on the appearance of this tongue problem.

Bumps on Tongue – Meaning

Like spots on the tongue, formation of bumps at the base surface or at the sides of the tongue is yet another tongue problem that is not associated with any serious medical condition. The bumps sometimes become red or white depending with the causes. In some cases bumps on tongues are characterized by pain, soreness and swelling of the pain.

Large bumps on tongue that extends to the sides and back of the tongue can cause sore throat. Various pictures indicate that the problem can extend to the back of the mouth hence causing severe pain due to irritation and inflammation. Bumps can erupt causing blisters on the tongue hence risk of other infections such as mouth cancer.

Bumps on tongue picture showing papillae
Bumps on tongue picture showing papillae

Lie bumps symptoms usually subside within few days even with no treatment. Though there is no specific treatment for this mouth condition, lie bumps can be managed using some medicines and pain killers. When the symptoms persist you need to consult a doctor for examination and proper treatment care.

Bumps on Tongue Causes

There are various causes of bumps on tongue and they include the following:

Normal Natural Bumps

The tongue as the strongest muscle in the body contain small nodules regarded as papillae. These structures house the taste buds and they appear structurally as bumps. At the back of the mouth, there are also lingual tonsils that are round in shape and you should not confuse them for lie bumps.

Due to various uses of the tongue such as tasting, talking and mixing food, natural bumps on the tongue can be affected and hence chance slightly change in the color or shape. Naturally the tongue is pink in color and when you see white, red, black or brown then something is wrong.

Trauma and Tension

Biting or scalding your tongue accidentally can traumatize it hence causing formation of bumps especially at the tip of the tongue. Also when you clench your teeth there is possibility of soreness and painful bumps formation at the sides of the tongue.

“Stress, gastrointestinal upset, menstruation, acidic or sour food, smoking, and local trauma” (direct physical irritation) of the tongue. Lie bumps are often caused by the taste bud/buds splitting” [Wikipedia]

Allergic Reactions

Bumps on the tongue showing an infection
Bumps on the tongue showing an infection

When the tongue gets in contact with some substances, allergic reactions can take place leading to formation of bumps at the side or back of the tongue. Such materials include; medicines, drugs and food substances.

Oral Infections

Oral thrush or candidiasis is a yeast development in the mouth causing formation of white spots on tongue. Oral thrush is also characterized by formation of bumps, swelling of the tongue and painful soreness. When you don’t take appropriate measures the yeast will multiply causing mouth ulcers due to rupturing and bleeding of the lie bumps.


This is a condition characterized by excessive growth of cells in the mouth. Since the tongue is one of the underlying organ it also gets affected. Major symptoms are the formation of white patched inside the mouth lining and on the tongue surface, bumps and soreness. This is a serious medical condition that can lead to mouth and tongue cancer.

Majority of the victims to this condition are the tobacco smokers. Constant irritation of the mouth and tongue can also lead to leukoplakia. Therefore see a doctor or a dentist for diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible you realize the symptoms.

Kawasaki syndrome

Large bumps on the surface of the tongue
Large bumps on the surface of the tongue

The ailment is common among children below the age of five years. The diseases affects the blood supply and vessels in the body causing a brown or red tongue appearance. The syndrome is associated with other symptoms such as high fever, swelling of the hand and redness in the feet. Consult a doctor for the treatment of Kawasaki syndrome.

Vitamins Deficiency

When the body is in deficiency of essential vitamins such as Vitamin B-12 and folic acid, the tongue will be the immediate organ to get affected. This is implicated by the changing of the tongue color to reddish, strawberry or brown. Intake of food substances rich with these elements is the best way of preventing and getting rid of the problem.

Oral Cancer

As said a mild bump should last for not more than two weeks. When the soreness and pain persist, it is therefore a tongue cancer symptom that requires serious examination and treatment. Bumps of this nature are normally red or white in color and they are also likely to bleed. Patients with such a problem will find it difficult chewing or swallowing anything due to severe pain.

Mouth ulcers and burning mouth syndrome among some people can also be a symptom of mouth cancer. The tongue will have a burning feeling. Stress and menopause are closely related to cause this kind of symptoms in the mouth.

Mouth Diseases and Infections

Many ailments are among the major causes of bumps on tongue. They include both viral and bacterial infections such as Median rhomboid glossitis, Behçet’s disease, Moeller’s glossitis , Glossopharyngeal neuralgia and Pemphigus vulgaris among others.

How to get rid of bumps on the tongue
How to get rid of bumps on the tongue

How to Get Rid Of Bumps on Tongue Fast Overnight

  • Apply some sea salt solution or an antiseptic solution to the bumps using a clean cotton ball.
  • Take antihistamine drugs that minimizes on trauma and tension.
  • Apply some ice to prevent inflammation and take some pain killers.
  • Use medicated mouth wash at least twice or thrice a day in cleaning your mouth.
  • Apply milk of magnesia using a clean cotton ball to the bumps for twice a day.
  • Reduce on consumption of tobacco and well as minimizing on smoking. Tobacco is one of the major causes of bumps on tongue and mouth.
  • Drink sufficient amount of water. Water not only keeps human body hydrated but also helps in washing out toxins.
  • Spicy and fatty foods can contribute to irritation of the mouth and attraction of bacteria. Minimize or avoid consumption of such food material.
  • Apply a mixture of water and hydrogen peroxide on the white spots for at least three times a day using a clean cotton ball.
  • Frequently visit a dentist to examine your mouth and recommend treatment for any spots on tongue.
    bumps on the side of the tongue
    bumps on the side of the tongue

Bumps on Tongue Pictures

Study various pictures to learn on how a healthy mouth should appear as compared to infected one. Information on mouth care is also relevant in not only helping your prevent tongue problems but also seek relevant medical cure. People with concerns about tongue and mouth pain should seek medical advice from a doctor dentist or a GP.

Symptoms that are persistent for a couple of weeks can imply a serious underlying medical condition that requires special medical attention. Always standardize on your mouth hygiene levels and keep off from chemical contamination that can contribute to your mouth problems.

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