what causes sweating at night? Get more insights on the reasons for night sweat on the face, head back, armpits and how to stop it
what causes sweating at night? Get more insights on the reasons for night sweat on the face, head back, armpits and how to stop it
A look into sweating at night for men, while sleeping, while having taken alcohol and how to stop sweating at night.
Excessive Sweating at Night
A great number of medical conditions can make you to think so much especially on why you sweat so much especially at night.
Sweating or perspiration is the release of water from the body through the sweat glands. This water has salt. This process is also known as perspiration. Sweating helps the body be cold and maintain normal body temperature. Sweat is usual in under the arms, feet, and the inner and outer palms of the hands.
The exact amount you perspire greatly depends on the number of sweat glands you have.
A person is usually born with over 2 million sweat glands. The glands begin to be fully active during an individual’s puberty stage. Men’s sweat glands tend to be more active.
Perspiration is controlled normally by the body’s autonomic nervous system. This is the part of the central nervous system that is not under your control. Sweating is considered as the body’s normal way of regulating its temperature.
The perspiration of the body can have an effect on the whole or part of body body, or it may only have effects on specific areas. Commonly affected areas include the:
- The armpits
- The palms of your hands
- The soles of the feet
- The face and also the chest
- The groin of an individual
The two sides of the body are usually affected in equal measures – for instance, the two feet or the two hands.
The sweat at night do not usually pose a very serious threat to the health of an individual, but it can also and only be embarrassing and distressing to the emotions of an individual. It can still have a given negative impact although on the quality of life of the person and may tend to have the feelings of anxiety.
There are no given rules to indicate what is the standard sweating is, but if you feel like sweat is becoming too much and that the sweating at night has started to seriously interfere with your everyday daily life, you may be having what is referred to as hyperhidrosis
In most cases, sweating at night has no exact cause and is believed to be the result of a problem with the crucial part that involves the central nervous system that controls sweating.
Continuous sweating at night can be a challenge to treatment and it can take a longer period to find a treatment that is recommended for you.
Medical practitioners usually recommends to start with the least invasive treatment for the first time, like the powerful antiperspirants. Lifestyle changes can also help, and may include:
- Through wearing of loose and more light clothes
- avoid triggers, like alcohol and extremely spicy foods, that can make your sweating increase at night
- wear only black or white clothes at night to help reduce the signs that accompanies sweating
If this do not assist, then it may be recommended to try treatments like the iontophoresis (the affected area is subjected to a weak electric current that is passed through pure water or a wet pad), botulinum toxin injections, and even surgery in a few cases
Sweating at night is a common condition. It has been studied and estimated to have effect to between two and three in every 100 people which implying that there are likely to be a great number of people living with it in the world.
Sweating at night can develop at any particular age, though primary sweating at night typically starts during childhood or soon after the stage of puberty.
The most commonly noticed sign of excess sweating at night is the body odor. Odor can develop because of bacteria that stays naturally on the outer parts of the skin. As the outer skin becomes watery and when mixed with these, odor of the body is released. Another reason given is when the apocrine gland releases the sweat at night directly into the tubule of the responsible glands.
When a person is having stress, the tubules usually contract and the sweat is pushed to the outer surface of the skin. Bacteria begins to break down and thus the odor is released into the air. Medications that may be used for other types of treatments and also diet will still affect odor although.
Medical conditions that includes kidney failure or diabetic ketoacidosis can also have the same effect. Areas that release excessive sweat at night usually appear pink or also white, but, in only severe cases, it may appear cracked and soft.
Mercury is well understood in its use as a diaphoretic, and was widely used in the 19th and the 20th century by doctors in clearing the body of an illness. But, due to the high level of toxicity of mercury, other symptoms would also be indicated, that were attributed in error to the another disease that was being treated with a mercurial
Infantile or childhood mercury poisoning is usually characterized by excessive sweating at night. A medical doctor should immediately consider this infantile mercury poisoning in an afebrile child who is sweating profusely at night.
For other people, the mechanism of the body in its cooling is sometimes overactive, it can be so overactive that those people may sweat at night three or four times more than is required, or normal. A lot of people are also affected by the sweating at night, but more than half of the people have never received any treatment because of embarrassment or lack of knowledge. While it most commonly affects various parts of the body like the armpits, the feet, and the hands, it is also true for some other people to experience the sweating all over their body. The face is also considered as another common area for sweating at night. Sweating excessively at night is not usually expected and can be very embarrassing to the affected people who sweat at night.
This sweating at night can cause both physiological and emotional effects on the affected people. It is mostly an inherited problem that is found in most groups of people. It is however not life-threatening, but it threatens a person’s quality of life. A treatment modality is through clipping of the sympathic nerve at the level indicated by medical doctors through thoracoscopic means.
Reasons You Sweat
- Heat and humidity; Sweating at night is the body’s built-in cooling system. As the temperature increases, a lot of sweat glands found in the skin are activated and the sweat is usually released through the pores of the skin. As the sweat evaporates from the skin, it cools you off. Yet leftover sweat found on the skin can leave the skin soaked – especially on days that are humid and when the air is already more saturated with moisture that the sweat evaporates a bit slowly.
- Hard workouts; Exercising usually increases a person’s body’s internal heating system. As you swing the arms and legs, the body temperature increases. Sweating at night is the body’s natural way of doing away with the extra heat
- Strong feelings; the individuals emotions – ranging from anger to love or to stress – can make a person to sweat. Emotional sweating at night can trigger the sweat glands on the palms of the hands, as well as under the arms and the soles of the feet. That’s the reason why the palms get moist and wet when there is a real attraction to someone, or during a job interview of an individual.
- Hot and spicy food; Spicy foods also trigger the same kind of receptors in the skin that also responds to heat, that is the reason why people have to knock softly the forehead and upper lip when they take an extra-hot curry.
- The beer people take with the curry could also make you sweat by widening blood vessels in your skin. Even the morning coffee can cause an individual to sweat, as caffeine increases the activity sweat glands as well.
Sweating at night sick
Sweating at night when sick allows the body to regulate its own temperature. Sweating at night is controlled from the center of the preoptic and anterior areas of the brain’s hypothalamus gland, where thermosensitive neurons are usually located.
The heat-regulating function of the hypothalamus gland is also affected through inputs from the temperature receptors that is found in the skin.
High skin temperature is able to reduce the hypothalamic set of points required for sweating and also increases the gain of the hypothalamic response system in which is the response to the variations in core temperature.
All in all, the sweating at night response to a rise in hypothalamic temperature is much higher than the feedback to the same increase of the skin temperature.
Sweating at night alcohol
Sweating at night causes a reduction in core temperature through the process of evaporative cooling at the surface of the skin.
As high energy molecules evaporates from the surface of the skin, releasing the energy that is absorbed from the body, the skin surface and superficial vessels leading to decrease in temperature.
Cooled venous blood in the blood vessels then returns to the body’s core system and counteracts the rising core temperatures
Sweating in Sleep
The body is supplied with an average of about three million sweat glands. Eccrine sweat glands are located almost all over the body and always produce a small, odorless sweat.
Apocrine sweat glands are more in the hair follicles of the scalp, the armpits, and even the groin. The glands also release a heavier and fat-laden sweating at night that carries a distinct odor from normal. The smell, also known to as body odor, happens when apocrine sweat breaks down and also mixes with the bacteria that is found on the surface of the skin.
The autonomic nervous system is in charge of controlling the sweating function. This is the part of the nervous system that works on its own, without the conscious control level.
When the outside temperature is hotter or the body temperature rises due to fever, sweat is released through the ducts found in the skin. It wets the surface of the body thus cooling the body down at it evaporates.
Sweat is composed mostly of water, but about a small percentage of sweat is a mixture of salt and fat.
Sweating at Night Men
People have an average of about three million sweat glands in the body. But how much sweating at night is released by each of the glands is strictly determined by so many factors that includes gender, genetics, and the conditions of the environment, the age or level of fitness of an individual.
Some of the major contributors to sweating at night is the rate of an individual’s fitness level and weight a person. If an individual weighs more, sweat rate is expected to increase as the body must increase the energy to function and also there is increased body mass to cool down the body.
On the other hand, a healthy and fit male person starts sweating at night earlier and easier than the female person. As the male becomes fit, his body becomes more efficient at regulation of the body’s temperature and the sweat glands becomes adapted to other systems of the body.
Sweat that is produced at night is not pure water; it contains an amount of solute. When an individual moves from a climate that is cold to a hotter climate, the adaptive changes that happens in the sweating mechanisms of an individual. This process is known as acclimatization. The maximum known rate of sweating at night will increase and its solute composition will decrease.
How to Stop Sweating at Night
- The simplest method that can be used to tackle excessive sweating is by using an antiperspirant, which many people already have put in use on a daily basis. Most of this antiperspirants have aluminum salts. When an individual uses them onto the skin, they form a plug that blocks sweating at night.
You can obtain an antiperspirant over the counter at the drug store, or the doctor can prescribe one for a person. Over-the-counter antiperspirants can be less irritating than the prescription antiperspirants. You can start with an over-the-counter brand, and if it doesn’t work, ask the doctor about the prescribed one.
- Iontophoresis: During this process, a person sits with the hands, feet, or both submerged in a shallow tray of water for about 30 minutes, then a low electrical current is passed through the water. No one is able to explain clearly exactly how this treatment works, but the experts believe that it blocks the sweat from getting on the surface of the skin. The process has to be repeated for a few more weeks before it is stopped for effectivity. Once an individual learns how to do iontophoresis, then he or she can buy a machine to use at home. Some people only require a few of treatments a month for maintenance.
- Stop using spicy foods; spices can be able to increase the brains neurotransmitters thus causing a person’s temperature to rise and sweating at night more. First, the chemical component that is found in spicy foods can trick the body into thinking that the body undergoing some sort of trauma thus increasing the sweating that sweat related.
- Change up the wardrobe; if most of the time, you will spend outdoors even at night, then you have to choose a light fabric like cotton or the linen, clothes that absorb sweat can also greatly help in drying out. If the feet of a person is smelly then avoid using of closed shoes. The shoes is not able to wick away the sweat thus making look dark and damp thus bringing about smelly bacteria that thrives well in the environment
- Alternate treatment; if the listed methods above are not able to work out, then you should speak to a doctor who will prescribe medication available to help in the sweat problem. The same botox that is used by celebs to smoothen their faces can be very useful in treatment of excessive sweating.
How to Sweat Less
When you are trying out various antiperspirants, or whatever other method the doctor recommends, you can still in addition use some of these at-home solutions to help in reduction of sweating.
- Avoid wearing heavy clothing that will trap sweat at night. Instead, put on light, breathable clothes like as cotton and silk. Bring also an extra shirt when you understand that you’ll be outdoors in the heat. Your feet can still sweat also, thus put on socks that wick moisture away from them.
- Shower every day using an antibacterial soap that controls the bacteria inhabiting in the sweaty skin and cause odors of the body. Dry completely before applying any antiperspirant.
- Use of underarm liners and shoe inserts is able to absorb the sweat so that it does not ruin the clothes causing them to smell.